Category Archives: Health Care & Medical

Google AI to tease here you have not go under the Sohu of science and technology 邵阳学院怎么样

Google AI to tease here: you have not go under the Sohu technology "local time on January 27th, the British" nature "magazine reported that the Google AlphaGo artificial intelligence system (Alfa go) in October 2015 to 5:0 record victory champions, two occupation chess fan hui. Well, this is the first time that AI has ever won a professional race in a fair game in human history. All right, go, so burn brain stuff, we all failed…… Artificial intelligence has guards, humans have to eat? University of Oxford has recently studied the potential of advanced automation and its artificial substitution. Heard the results, the state of Florida and Tallahassee in the United States Mei · (Yuh-Mei Hutt); Hecht wrote: "now the work will have half disappeared, this changed my views on the future of their children." It seems that suddenly, people from all walks of life begin to pay attention to the development of automation. This is behoove: unless we can give people displaced by machines, arrange other work, economic recession, youth unemployment and personal identity crisis from all the unemployed social and psychological problems will be intensified. Because the machine has replaced the people in the requirements for lower cognitive ability post, humans have retreated to the highlands of knowledge work. However, in the foreseeable future, as the consulting firm Gartner · analyst Nigel (Nigel Rayner); he said, "a lot of things now management will realize automation." How about reconstructing this situation? Don’t ask "is done by humans what work will be given by the machine in the near future, with more money, more efficient way to complete the" this old problem, let us put forward a new problem in intelligent machines better help, people skills to achieve a new level of what? Don’t work as a zero sum game, as if the machine prevailed, they must be damaged; we may find that the machine utilization rate is improved, employment opportunities also increased. We can reconstruct the threat of automation (Automation) into an opportunity to gain (augmentation). 1 active upgrade in order to have meals, you want…… The best strategy is to take the initiative to improve your intelligence. Macro thinking ability and abstract thinking ability are stronger than computer, people always have work to do. The traditional way to deal with this method essentially and automation work space diverted to human is the same: let the machine do the grunt work, they seize the opportunity to work towards a higher level. Cancer researcher Niven · Narayan (Niven Narain) is a good example. In 2005 he co founded the Framingham Massachusetts Berg company, aims at the application of artificial intelligence drug discovery. Measuring instrument for high throughput MS the company has all-weather operation, can be extracted from the analysis of the data points too many to count in blood and tissues, and powerful computer to

谷歌人工智能把话撩这儿了:你已经不配下围棋-搜狐科技      “当地时间1月27日,英国《自然》杂志报道称,谷歌人工智能系统AlphaGo(阿尔法围棋)在2015年10月以5:0战绩完胜欧洲冠军、职业围棋二段樊麾。      好吧,这是人类历史上,围棋人工智能(AI)第一次在公平比赛中战胜职业选手。   行吧,围棋这么烧脑的东西,咱们都败了……人工智能已经逆天了,   人类还有饭吃不?   每日 日 一 获   牛津大学最近对高级自动化及其人工替代的潜力进行了研究。听闻研究结果,远在美国佛罗里达州塔拉哈西的舆梅·赫特(Yuh-Mei Hutt)写道:“现在的工作岗位将有一半消失,这改变了我对自己孩子未来的看法。”   似乎是突然间,各行各业的人们都开始关注自动化的发展。这是理所当然的:除非我们能给被机器取代的人安排其他工作,否则,经济衰退、青年失业以及个人身份认同危机等一切源自失业的社会及心理问题都将加剧。由于机器在对认知能力要求较低的岗位上取代了人,人类便退守至知识型工作这块高地。然而在可预见的未来,正如咨询公司Gartner分析师奈杰尔·雷纳(Nigel Rayner)所言,“现在管理层做的许多事情都将实现自动化。”   重构一下这个局面如何?不要问“目前由人类完成的哪些工作将会在不久后交由机器,以更省钱、更高效的方式完成”这个老问题,让我们提出一个新问题:在更好的智能机器协助下,人的技艺可以达到怎样的新境界?别把工作当成零和博弈,仿佛机器占了上风,人就必然受损;我们或许会发现,机器使用率提高,就业机会也随之增加。我们可以将自动化(automation)的威胁重构为增益(augmentation)的契机。   1 主动升级 为了有饭吃,你要……   最佳策略大概就是主动提高自己的智能水平。宏观思考能力和抽象思维能力强于计算机的人总有工作可做。这种方法本质上与自动化挤占人类工作空间时的传统应对方法相同:让机器做低级工作,自己把握机会向更高层次的工作进发。   癌症研究员尼文·纳拉因(Niven Narain)就是一个很好的例子。2005年他在马萨诸塞州弗雷明汉与别人共同创立Berg公司,旨在运用人工智能发现新药。该公司拥有全天候运行的高吞吐量质谱测定仪,可从血液和组织分析中提取出不计其数的数据点,还有功能强大的计算机来搜寻有效分子模型。2015年3月,纳拉因在采访中说:“现在最不乐意干的,就是找100个生物化学家来看这些数据,说‘啊,我挺喜欢这边这个分子。’”可他还是雇用了一百名生物化学家。他们的任务不是研究所有这些数据并就某种分子的潜力做假设,而是数据分析的后续工作��对机器已做出的假设,进行可行性试验。   纳拉因得以主动升级,是因为他发现了以新方法研制药品的契机。发现契机需要有丰富的经验、卓越的洞见以及迅速理解世界变化趋势的能力。同样,对于如今巨富的华尔街投资银行家和对冲基金巨头的成功,有一种解读就是他们主动升级,超越了自动交易和投资组合管理系统。   此方法对学历要求较高。硕士或博士学位会让你的求职简历更有分量。进入组织后,你一定要关注各方动向,发挥创新能力,努力参与组织中的创新和战略制定。若情况理想,你可以努力成为高级管理人员,把握住自己看到的机会。例如,在线旅游业公司Orbitz已将绝大多数知识型工作交由机器完成,对于仍然需人工的任务,公司CEO巴尼·哈福德(Barney Harford)寻找的是T型人才。他表示,Orbitz需要员工“扎实深入自己专业领域,同时涉猎广泛,对组织整体及其市场优势抱有好奇心。”想要主动升级的知识型工作者可以此为参考:开始进行更为综合全面的思考;设法借助机器去做那些耗费心力的工作,但要知道机器的运行机理。   2 另辟蹊径 为了有饭吃,你要……   这种方法或许只适用于一小部分人。许多脑力工作同样有价值且无法程序化。另辟蹊径意,即利用并非全然属于理性认知的心智能力,也就是心理学家霍华德·加德纳(Howard Gardner)所说的“多元智能”。也许你可以专注于发展“人际”和“内省”力,了解如何与他人合作,并发现自己的兴趣、目标和才能。   传奇驯马师韦恩·卢卡斯(D. Wayne Lukas)无法准确解释自己能如何判断一岁马驹身上的潜力。苹果公司著名设计师乔纳森·艾夫(Jonathan Ive)无法将自己的品位传输到计算机上。英国笑星里基·热尔韦(Ricky Gervais)的“包袱”永远无法让机器理解。这些人在日常工作中都要用计算机吗?当然要用,毫无疑问。但他们已然发掘出自己身上难以言喻的独特才能,且尽可能地花时间施展那种才能。机器能够处理数不胜数的辅助任务,使专业人士得以尽情挥洒。   若要选择另辟蹊径,你需要关注自己身上无法程序化的能力,先发现自己有何才能,而后着力加以培养。在此过程中,你应当发现其他对你所追求的这门才能十分精通的人,设法与他们合作共事或跟随他们学习。也许多年学校教育埋没了你身上超越智商的才能,现在你必须对这些才能予以高度重视。这些才能跟你做微积分的能力一样,并非生来就炉火纯青,但可以慢慢学习。   3 介入干预 为了有饭吃,你要……   1967年,彼得·德鲁克(Peter Drucker)目睹知识型工作自动化的第一波尝试后,称计算机“愚不可及”。虽然现在的计算机已不可同日而语,但其生硬的逻辑仍偶尔会得出一些远非完美的结论,无需天才便可对其加以改进。   有能力介入干涉的,是懂得如何对计算机工作进行监督调整的人。越来越多的税务工作由计算机完成,但有才能的会计师总是留意着程序及其他人类用户常犯的错误。数字营销中的广告购买在今天几乎全是自动完成,但只有少数人能察觉到自动购买会在何时对品牌造成损害,并对其逻辑进行相应调整。   看到这里你也许要问,究竟是机器协助人,还是人协助机器?在此我们要强调,增益中的支持是相互的。人要确保计算机工作顺利,并对其加以改进。所有提倡增强科学、技术、工程和数学(STEM)教育的人都提到过这一点。在他们的愿景中,绝大多数人类工作岗位属于介入干预型。若要选择这种方法,你还需要发展自己观察、解读以及让计算机工作符合人类需求的能力。   4 专精于业 为了有饭吃,你要……   选择专精于业的人要找到这样的狭小利基领域,深深浸淫其中。若说主动升级的人是狐狸,那么他们便是刺猬(出自犹太裔观念史家以赛亚·伯林《狐狸与刺猬》,文中引古希腊残篇“狐狸多机巧,刺猬只一招”,将西方思想家分为狐狸型和刺猬型,前者博闻多识,后者一以贯之)。   虽然其中大部分人受过正规教育,但他们赖以谋生的技艺乃是通过专精相应岗位培训而获得。若要选用此法,那就做个在方寸之地上深挖数尺的人,借此扬名。不是说你不能有别的兴趣,不过在职业技能上,你会拥有非常独特的个人品牌。机器如何为你增益?你要利用机器建立自己的数据库,跟上时代潮流,并与可将你的独特能力和他人技能相结合的系统保持联系。   5 顺势前行 为了有饭吃,你要……   最后一种方法是顺势前行,制造下一代计算机和人工智能工具。每一台伟大的机器背后都有一个人,此言非虚��事实上是有许多人。要有人来做判断。显而易见,该领域的知识型工作者需要掌握扎实的计算机、人工智能和分析技能。   顺势前行,意味着引领机器的下一轮入侵,但其本身便涉及须有软件协助的工作。看看哈曼的领英(LinkedIn)页面就足够说明这一点:他被联络人“认可”的专业技能有模拟技术、算法、机器学习、数学建模等等。不过要想准确抓住下一个自动化的新机会,掌握技术手段还不够。如果想选这条路,你就要尽己所能在自己的领域达到巅峰,突破思维局限,察觉到现今计算机技术的不足之处,并且设想目前尚不存在的工具。也许有朝一日大部分软件开发工作也终将自动化,但正如比尔·盖茨最近说的,编程“现在还很安全”。   在这个创新时代,人类的优势必须得到强调。人类始终是下一代新创意的来源,是组织运营中最难被竞争者复制的独特元素。但是换个角度看,人类易变无常,难以预测,可能自私、乏味又缺乏忠诚,学习速度慢,还容易疲劳��这些缺点机器人都没有。   但若能妥当实现增益,组织便可获得那些人类独有的积极品质。如果说计算机化能让一切都可以编程并成为手中的筹码,而人类特有的品质便是让组织脱颖而出的关键。   托马斯·达文波特(Thomas H. Davenport) 朱莉娅·柯比(Julia Kirby) | 文 蒋荟蓉 | 译 安健 | 校 钮键军 | 编辑 本文有删节,原文参见《哈佛商业评论》2015年6月《超越机器人��人类保持竞争力的5剂药方》(Beyond Automation)。 《哈佛商业评论·聚光灯》 编辑|马雪梅xuemeima@hbrchina 想 要拥有属于你的卓越密码?长按下方图片,识别图中二维码,订阅管理圣经。 ©2015 哈佛商业评论 保留所有权利相关的主题文章:

The 17 most profitable industries in the future are here! Investors must see – Sohu financial manage 终极一班3厉嫣嫣

The 17 most profitable industries in the future are here! Investors must see – Sohu financial ten years ago, the global market value of the top 10 are mainly concentrated in the energy, finance and other traditional industries. Now, has been apple, Google, Amazon, Google and other high-tech and Internet companies accounted for half of the country. Looking back on the long history, the development of the global economy has been driven by the interaction between productivity and production relations. From the invention of steam engines, generators, computers, to the Internet, a wide range of related company stock applications, the new wave of science and technology has dominated the adjustment of productivity and production relations, and the emergence of new industries, and promote social progress. In the next 10 years, what new industries are worthy of our expectation? Can those industries bring the greatest returns to investors? Next, we will count more than ten emerging industries that we think are most valuable in investment. First, cloud computing enterprises migrate to the cloud is the general trend. You can see: 1) the public and private cloud market growth still go hand in hand, is not a zero sum game; 2) the IaaS level: commercial application ecosystem has diversified more and more important, such as Amazon, Google, Microsoft, etc.; 3) the SaaS level: mainly focus on human resources, OA, CRM, B2B, commodity marketing procurement and other areas, such as SalesForce, Sap, Oracle; 4) the PaaS level: no independent giants, the future may extend down from IaaS to SaaS or giant giant. Domestic cloud computing market is still in its infancy, the market cake is becoming more attractive. Two, big data big data industry total financing for 2013-2015 years were 800 million dollars, 1 billion 540 million US dollars and 2 billion US dollars; 2013-2015 year financing events were 10, 42 and more than 50. "Big data +" has penetrated into almost all sectors, such as "big data + retail", "big data + medical", "big data + real estate" and so on. Three, the virtual reality of the global virtual reality industry after nearly a century of development is still in its early infancy, the supply chain and various ancillary facilities are still groping. However, the development prospect of virtual reality is imagination, and has a wide range of applications, such as games, film and television, education, sports, interstellar exploration, medical treatment and so on. At present, the major consulting institutions are optimistic about virtual reality in the next 5 years will achieve super high growth, the outbreak is close. Four, artificial intelligence predicts that the market for artificial intelligence will grow to $11 billion 100 million in 2024. The initial technology accumulation and data accumulation has had a significant scale effect in the past, so artificial intelligence reshaping the tide of all walks of life is coming, and lead to a new round of investment in IT equipment. In the next 3-5 years, the intelligent tide will bring trillions of markets. Five, 3D technology over the past few years, 3D printing investment fever, 3D printing technology has entered a new stage, but the application market is still to be broken. Experts predict that in 2016, China’s 3D printer market forecast will be expanded to 10 billion yuan..

未来最赚钱的17大行业在这!投资者必看-搜狐理财  十年前,全球市值前10名主要还集中在能源、金融等传统产业。现在,已经被苹果、谷歌、亚马逊、谷歌等高科技与互联网企业占据半壁江山。   回顾历史的长河,全球经济的发展一直是由生产力和生产关系的相互作用推动。从发明蒸汽机、发电机、计算机,再到因特网的广泛 相关公司股票走势 应用,新的科技浪潮一直主导着生产力和生产关系的大调整,并不断涌现出新的产业,促进社会进步。   未来10年,又有哪些新产业值得我们期待?那些产业能够给投资人带来最丰厚的回报?下文将细数我们认为的最具投资价值的十余个新兴产业。   一、云计算   企业向云端迁移是大势所趋。可以看到:1)公有云和私有云市场增长依然齐头并进,不是零和博弈;2)IaaS层面:拥有多元化的商业应用生态圈越来越重要,如亚马逊、谷歌、微软等;3)SaaS层面:主要集中在人力资源、OA、CRM、市场营销、B2B 大宗商品采购等领域,如SalesForce、Sap、Oracle等;4)PaaS层面:没有出现独立巨头,未来更可能由IaaS巨头向上或SaaS巨头向下延伸。   国内云计算市场还处在萌芽期,市场蛋糕正变得越来越诱人。   二、大数据   大数据行业的融资总额2013-2015年分别为8亿美金、15.4亿美金及20亿美金;2013-2015年融资事件分别为10起、42起及超过50起。“大数据+”已经渗透到几乎所有行业,如“大数据+零售”、“大数据+医疗”、“大数据+房地产”等等。   三、虚拟现实   目前全球虚拟现实行业经过近百年的发展仍处于早期起步阶段,供应链及各类配套设施还在摸索。然而虚拟现实的发展前景引人想象,具备广泛的应用空间,如游戏、影视、教育、体育、星际探索、医疗等等。当前各大咨询机构均看好虚拟现实在未来5年将实现超高速增长,爆发近在咫尺。   四、人工智能   根据预测,2024年人工智能市场规模将增长至111亿美元。初步的技术积累和数据积累已经在过去有了比较显著的规模效应,因而人工智能重塑各行各业的大潮即将来袭,并引发新一轮IT设备投资。   未来3-5年智能化大潮将带来万亿级市场。   五、3D技术   经过过去几年3D打印的投资热,3D打印技术步入到了一个新的阶段,但应用市场仍有待突破。专家预测2016年,中国3D打印机市场规模预测将扩大到100亿元。   六、无人技术   无人技术目前主要应用在无人机、无人驾驶汽车等领域。美国蒂尔集团预测全球无人机市场规模会从2015年的64亿美元增至2024年的115亿美元,发展态势迅猛。无人驾驶汽车至今仍未揭面纱,但麦肯锡预测到2025年该领域将会有2000亿美元到1.9万亿美元产值,届时中国无人驾驶汽车产值空间至少也在万亿规模,潜力无限。   七、机器人   中国人口老龄化问题日益突出、人工成本急剧上升以及整体经济结构面临转型,机器人未来的崛起及其巨大的市场规模已经被各大机构认可。   未来无论短期或是长期,机器人行业的投资机遇巨大,从工业机器人、协作机器人到服务机器人均有十分可观的市场规模。   八、新能源   中国是最大的新能源市场,发展新能源产业是改变我国的能源结构,降低对化石能源的依赖度,同事减少环境污染的必然选择。   大力度的财政补贴推动新能源产业快速走向成熟,蕴含丰富投资机会。   九、新材料   新材料是新经济的基石,我国在军工、高铁、核电、航天航空等尖端制造领域的快速发展均离不开基础材料领域的突破。   随着基础化学、基础材料、纳米技术等方面的科研实力的不断积累,新材料领域的创新点将不断涌现,新材料将成为数万亿产值的市场。   十、医疗服务   2016年医疗服务行业的驱动因素来自于药品行业景气度持续下滑,以及药品价格形成机制的变化。分级诊疗和医生多点执业的推动下,公立医院借助民营资本盘活存量资产创造增量价。医疗服务业务为新技术提供了商业化的出口,而新技术给医疗服务业务提供了高附加值的项目。   十一、生物技术与生命科学   随着基因组学、分子生物学等基础学科的发展,生物制剂与生命科学技术正在治疗中发挥越来越重要的作用:生物制剂方面,越来越多的单抗药物对肿瘤、糖尿病等疑难杂症产生突破性疗效,“重磅炸弹”级新药频出。   2014年全球销量前十大药物中,有7个为生物制剂,其中阿达木单抗位居全球销量首位,年销售额达110亿美元;生命科学方面,全球范围内,基因测序市场从2007年的794.1万美元增长到2013年的45亿美元,复合增长率为33.5%,预计未来几年依旧会保持快速增长;细胞免疫疗法等新兴技术也日渐成为重要的治疗方法。   十二、医疗器械   医疗器械市场在国内起步较晚,但发展迅速,2001年至2014年,我国医疗器械市场规模从173亿元增长至2556亿元,增长了近15倍,复合增速达到23%。   但从医疗器械市场规模与药品市场规模的对比来看,全球医疗器械市场规模大致为全球药品市场规模的40%,而我国这一比例低于15%,随着经济的发展以及国内老龄化程度的提高,医疗器械市场发展潜力巨大。同时,《创新医疗器械特别审批程序(试行)》等一批政策的出台,为国产创新医疗器械的快速成长奠定了坚实的基础。   十三、互联网医疗   信息技术的高速发展引发各个行业的巨大变革,也为医疗行业带来巨大机遇。随着大数据、云计算、物联网等多领域技术与互联网的跨界融合,新技术与新商业模式快速渗透到医疗各个细分领域,从预防、诊断、治疗、购药都将全面开启一个智能化时代。   十四、健康养老   健康养老产业受需求迫切和政策鼓励双向驱动,将迎来十分确定的发展机会。未来我国政府和个人将面对很大的养老压力,截止2014年65岁及以上老年人口达1.4亿,占总人口比重10.1%,到2020年老年人口将增至2.6亿。   同时,养老作为"健康中国"的一部分已被提升到国家战略性高度。我们将沿着国家提出的建设以居家为基础、社区为依托、机构为补充的多层次养老服务体系挖掘投资机会。   十五、体育   在过去的一年,中国各路巨头开始瞄准海外优质体育标的资产,渐渐向成熟体育盈利模式靠拢 ? 门票、媒体转播权、赞助和体育衍生品。   因此,拥有优质赛事资源和广大受众的体育行业标的将会持续收到资本的追捧。   十六、文化娱乐   中国的2015年是投资圈和BAT们在文化娱乐领域进击的一年。消费升级使得国人的消费习惯逐渐向文化娱乐进行倾斜,消费人群和消费金额也越来越低龄化和增长化。   2015年也是独立IP火热的一年,花千骨、琅琊榜、盗墓笔记等一大波影视剧热播,夏洛特烦恼、捉妖记、“?”系列、鬼吹灯等不断刷新国内电影票房记录。   此外,伴随游戏、动漫衍生而来的二次元文化兴起,生产数字化、碎片化、娱乐化内容的自媒体大爆发,都将聚集大量新一代年轻用户,引发新的商业模式和机会。   十七、教育   国内的民办教育市场规模超过6000亿元,而在线教育五分之一的市场份额吸引了无数资本和创业者竞折腰。经过过去一两年的洗礼,教育O2O举步维艰,不仅没有革了传统教育的命,还在盈利模式的探索上不知所措。   而传统线下教育培训机构除了拥有稳定的线下资源和师资以外,也在互联网+ 的攻势下顺应时代发展做出了很多改革。   此外,新一轮的高考改革也将带来新的商业模式和创业机会。相关的主题文章:

Platinum price dropped to ten years minimum, Spring Festival sales still light – Sohu financial mana 任中杰传奇系列

" abjection noble " platinum prices fell to a minimum of ten years the Spring Festival sales are still light Sohu financing compared to gold and silver, is regarded as a family of metal "noble" platinum is now very lonely. From the 2008 financial crisis started Diaojia platinum has now dropped to about 10 years minimum, and during the Spring Festival this season is not prosperous. In February 3rd, Zhou Shengsheng’s platinum jewelry price was 314 yuan, a nearly 10 grams of platinum necklace, plus the cost of less than 4000 yuan. According to the salesman related stock movements, the highest listing price of platinum has reached 600 yuan grams, the same necklace price has now dropped half. Previously, the Reuters of 31 analysts and traders survey shows that this year’s platinum median estimate of $904 per ounce (about 185 yuan, the lowest price for G) since 2005, compared with the three months before the survey results of nearly 20% lower. Twenty-first Century jewelry network operations director Fan diligently to the surging news reporter said that platinum is mainly used for automobile parts industrial use, began in 2008 after the financial crisis fell, although after the rebound, but from 2011 yellow platinum prices began to appear upside down, now the price of platinum has been almost close to 2005 levels. Price declines did not promote sales growth. Zhou Dafu had released as of September 30, 2015 semi annual report shows that during the reporting period the platinum gold product sales fell by 24.4%, higher than the decline of watches and jewelry inlaid jewelry. The United States withdrew the impact of loose monetary policy and political, military and economic conflicts and other comprehensive factors, the international price of gold since last year of severe shocks, coupled with the 2013 "gold rush" caused by consumer overdraft, China gold jewelry demand sales slump. According to the data released by the International Platinum Association, the total retail sales of platinum jewelry dropped by 3% in 2014. Many jewelers in order to boost performance, to broaden the product category, for example, will Laofengxiang carvings and other new categories of products included in the enamel chain series, platinum has distinguished identity increasingly bleak. Compared with gold, platinum is purely consumer goods, no financial attributes. As far as the world is concerned, only the Japanese and Chinese like to make jewelry with platinum, and China is now the largest consumer of platinum jewelry in the world. The past few days adjacent with the Spring Festival, either gold or platinum weight prices rose slightly, but was forced by the situation, the general shopping malls counters are promotional activities, even if the weight does not fall, the fee can be discounted. Even so, the sale of platinum is still weak. Shopping malls front, more consumers in the purchase of gold jewelry. The sales staff said, Chinese had to buy gold jewelry before the spring festival tradition, this year with the development of 3D technology of hard gold, Gold Pendant style is rich, is very popular among young people, and now more for Platinum Wedding jewelry. In addition to the wedding market, platinum sales people also hope more pinned on the inlaid jewelry. Gao Weicheng, director general of the China Association of International Platinum Association, previously said that platinum and diamonds are more compatible, which is a major advantage of platinum, platinum inlay.

"落魄贵族"铂金价格跌至十年最低 春节销售仍清淡-搜狐理财   相比黄金白银,被视为金属家族中“贵族”的铂金如今却很落魄。  从2008年金融危机开始掉价的铂金如今已经跌至约10年最低,而且在春节这一销售旺季仍旺不起来。  2月3日,周生生当日的铂金饰品报价为314元 克,一根近10克的铂金项链加上工费不到4000元。据售货员介 相关公司股票走势 绍,铂金最高挂牌价曾到达600元 克,同样一根项链售价如今已经跌半。  此前,路透社对31位分析师和交易员的调查显示,今年铂金预估中值为每盎司904美元(约185元 克),为2005年以来最低均价,较三个月前的调查结果低近20%。  21世纪珠宝网运营总监范勤奋向澎湃新闻记者介绍说,铂金主要用于汽车部件等工业用途,2008年金融危机后开始出现下跌,后虽有反弹,但从2011年黄铂金价格开始出现倒挂,现在铂金的价格已经差不多接近2005年的水平。  价格下跌并没有促进销售增长。  周大福此前发布的截至2015年9月30日的半年报显示,报告期内铂金 K金产品的营业额下降了24.4%,高于钟表和珠宝镶嵌首饰的跌幅。  受美国退出宽松货币政策和地缘政治、军事、经济冲突等综合因素影响,国际金价去年以来震荡剧烈,再加上2013年“抢金潮”带来的消费透支,中国金饰品需求销售低迷。据国际铂金协会此前公布的数据,2014年铂金首饰零售总量下跌3%。  很多珠宝商为了提振业绩,不得不拓宽产品品类,譬如老凤祥将牙雕艺术品、珐琅等新门类纳入产品链系列,铂金曾经尊贵的身份愈发暗淡。  和黄金相比,铂金是纯粹的消费品,没有金融属性。就全球而言,只有日本人和中国人喜欢用铂金做首饰,中国目前是全球铂金首饰的第一消费大国。  近几日随着春节邻近,不管黄金还是铂金克重价格均略有上涨,但受形势所逼,一般商场柜台均有促销活动,即便克重不降,工费也能打折。  即便如此,铂金的销售情况仍然不振。商场柜台前,更多的消费者在选购黄金饰品。有销售人员表示,中国人本来就有在春节之前购买黄金饰品的传统,这两年随着3D硬金技术的发展,黄金挂坠的样式也丰富起来,很受年轻人的欢迎,而铂金现在更多是用于婚庆首饰。  除了婚庆市场,铂金销售人士还把希望更多地寄托在镶嵌饰品上。国际铂金协会中国区董事总经理高伟诚此前表示,铂金和钻石更为相配,这是铂金的一大优势,铂金镶嵌类市场也正在呈现增长态势,2014年铂金镶嵌类首饰表现抢眼,增长达到11%。相关的主题文章:

Wu Jinglian on the new energy vehicle technology roadmap dispute should be decided by the enterprise 大唐女医生活录

Wu Jinglian on the technical route of new energy vehicles for the enterprise shall decide: Wu Jinglian Chinese – hundreds of electric vehicle will be chairman of the academic committee, the famous economist in 2015 Chinese new energy automotive industry began to accelerate the wheel rotation, but behind the explosive growth of the local protectionism, technology roadmap dispute concerns also began to appear, the incentive policy high strength, multi-level breeds cheat up behavior. In the days before the convening of the 2016 China electric vehicle hundred forum ", hot issues from the government representatives, car prices rise and industry experts on the subsidy policy, the future trend of the policy, technology and business model innovation of new energy automotive industry are discussed, the common pulse of the new energy vehicles in the future. Let the market decide future trends – Wu Jinglian (Chinese hundreds of electric vehicle will be chairman of the academic committee, the famous economist): the government should not intervene in the enterprise technology route directly choose which route is not a government director, shall be decided by the enterprise itself. The government has no ability to determine which industry and which technology path will succeed. The government not to engage in "research type matchmaker" combination, not exclusive products, avoid competition after subsidies. Financial support should be operated in a market way. Chen Qingtai (China electric vehicle hundred chairman, former party secretary, deputy director of the State Council Development Research Center): from this year began to fall off this very timely subsidies. The innovation of technology, reduce the cost cannot do without policy support, but it is in need of more market incentives, forced screening. The driving force of electric vehicle development should be shifted from policy driven to market driven and policy driven, which will promote the industry to enter the growth period. To improve the threshold of subsidies, Lou Jiwei (Finance Minister): to improve the threshold of subsidies, highlighting the support of the dominant enterprises. In the vehicle safety, reliability, consistency and key components technology, a substantial increase in standards, can not reach the standard of the enterprise can not get subsidies. At the same time, through the establishment of dishonest enterprise blacklist system, a variety of fraud, compensation and rent-seeking behavior to crack down. Wang Binggang (Ministry of science and technology electric vehicle major project supervision expert team leader): individual judgment cheat compensation enterprise should be still a few. There are two types of fraud compensation: first, refit the model to cheat and repair, remove the engine of the fuel truck, and directly add the electric system; but this kind of refit factory lacks technical force and can not carry out large-scale production, so the quantity is less. Two, false selling, this illegal nature of the practice should be punished, personally think that the enterprise should be canceled production qualification. The introduction of integral trading system Xin Guobin (Vice Minister of industry and information technology): the state should gradually withdraw from the subsidy policy, the endogenous motivation of enterprises should be the main driving force for industrial development. We are ready to adopt new energy vehicle integration and traditional energy vehicle fuel consumption limit value linked way, to encourage the development of new energy automotive industry. Lou Jiwei: California zero emission vehicle policy and integral trading system, Tesla electric vehicles to the success of the key system, it is worth learning from. Ministry of Finance repeated discussion on new energy vehicle integration trading mechanism

吴敬琏谈新能源车技术路线之争:应由企业决定 ▲吴敬琏 中国电动汽车百人会学术委员会主席、著名经济学家   2015年中国新能源汽车产业的车轮开始加速转动,不过在爆发式增长的背后,地方保护主义、技术路线之争等隐忧也开始日渐显现,高强度、多层级的激励性政策也滋生了“骗补”等行为。   在日前召开的“2016中国电动汽车百人会论坛”上,来自政府的代表、车企高层和行业专家对补贴政策、未来技术与政策走向、创新商业模式等诸多新能源汽车产业的热点问题进行了讨论,共同把脉中国新能源汽车的未来。   ■ 动向展望   让市场作主   吴敬琏(中国电动汽车百人会学术委员会主席、著名经济学家):政府不应直接介入企业技术路线的选择,采用哪种路线并非政府所长,应当由企业自主决定。政府没有能力确定哪一个产业、哪一种技术路线能够取得成功。政府不要搞“拉郎配式”的产学研结合,不要包销产品,避免竞争后补贴。资金支持要采取市场方式运作。   陈清泰(中国电动汽车百人会理事长、国务院发展研究中心原党组书记、副主任):从今年起补贴开始退坡,这非常适时。创新技术、降低成本离不开政策的支持,但是它更需要的是市场的激励、倒逼和筛选。电动汽车发展的动力应该由政策驱动转向市场、政策双向驱动,促进产业进入成长期。   提高补贴门槛   楼继伟(财政部部长):要提高补贴门槛,突出对优势企业的支持。要在整车安全性、可靠性、一致性以及关键零部件技术上,大幅提高标准,达不到标准的企业不能获得补贴。同时通过建立失信企业黑名单制度,对各种骗补和寻租行为给予严厉打击。   王秉刚(科技部电动汽车重大项目监理专家组组长):个人判断骗补的企业应该还是少数。骗补从特征上来说分两类:一、改装车型骗补,将燃油车的发动机拿掉,直接添加电动系统;但这样的改装厂缺乏技术力量,无法实行规模化生产,所以数量较少。二、假卖,这种违法性质的做法应受到惩罚,个人认为应该取消这样企业的生产资质。   引入积分交易制   辛国斌(工业和信息化部副部长):国家在补贴政策方面要逐步退出,企业的内生动力要作为产业发展的主要推动力。我们准备采取新能源汽车积分和传统能源汽车燃料消耗量限值挂钩的方式,来鼓励新能源汽车产业的发展。   楼继伟:美国加州零排放汽车的政策以及积分交易制度,是特斯拉电动汽车走向成功的关键制度,值得我们学习借鉴。财政部对新能源汽车积分交易机制反复论证和研究过多次,已经有成形的思路,这项制度有技术中立、奖惩结合、可持续等诸多好处。另外比起排污权交易来说,积分交易制度比较好监控一些。排污权交易如果没有对排污有公平一致的测量以及严格的执法惩罚,就不可能产生相关权益的交易。   ■ 模式发展   “鼓励新加入者”   赵福全(清华大学汽车产业与技术战略研究院院长):未来的汽车制造会形成技术依赖于产品、产品依赖于客户体验、体验又有应用场景的态势,再有两个催化剂是商业模式和金融杠杆,这六个元素需要协同创新。我认为国家的产业政策应该鼓励很多以前没有造过车、但未来业态需要的企业发挥更大作用。   “出租车可考虑换电模式”   王秉刚:一个小的换电站占地面积是50平方米左右,可能与一些加油站面积相同,这样的话我们就有可能在一些城市里给换电站布点,主要提供给出租车使用。因为出租车一天要跑很多里程,如果花很长时间充电,从运行成本核算上也不合适,如果能够快速换电,那么对新能源出租车来说是一个好模式。   ■ 车企有话说   预测我国到2020年大巴和出租车将全面电动化;到2025年,货车(物流车)全面电动化;到2030年私家车将全面电动化。   ――王传福,比亚迪股份有限公司董事长   新能源汽车发展不能走过去传统汽车工业“散、乱、小”的老路,市场化和法制化必须相互配合;要鼓励市场资源向技术高、品质好、体系强的企业流动,用法制的力量来打破地方保护主义壁垒,实现生产要素的自由流动和高效配置。   ――程惊雷,上海汽车集团股份有限公司总工程师   预计未来新能源汽车产业将分化出两种发展模式:第一种就是在传统车身上搭载新能源动力,另一种则是以特斯拉为首的企业,它们以新能源动力为突破口,通过电动化、轻量化、智能化、网络化集于一身的迭代产品和全新的商业模式,改变全球汽车产业的传统思维方式。   ――徐和谊,北京汽车集团有限公司党委书记、董事长   希望政府加大支持力度,制定中长期的汽车产业政策,破除地方保护,支持智能交通布局,推广充电基础设施,支持中国品牌汽车向新能源、智能化方向发展。希望行业组织发挥更多的作用,促进产业链协同,包括整车、零部件体系的相互促进,以及汽车产业与装备材料制造业、信息产业等行业的跨界融合。   ――张宝林,长安汽车集团总裁、长安汽车副董事长   在大力投资现有产品阵容的同时,我们更致力于走在中国电气化技术的前沿。未来三至五年内,大众汽车集团(中国)计划推出15款新能源车型,相信中国可以成为全世界新能源汽车的中心。   ――海兹曼,大众汽车集团董事、中国区总裁兼CEO   宝马正在推进电动行驶里程自动化项目,最终目标是将电动行驶里程作为新能源奖励或处罚政策的基础。技术上更为先进的解决方案是将车辆的位置、检测设备与混合动力控制策略相结合,在车辆进入特定区域后,自动切换为电动行驶。   ――康思远,宝马集团大中华区总裁兼CEO   中国电动汽车全行业仍然有20%产能是空闲的,对于我们这种以用户体验和研发为核心的初创企业来说,与制造供应链端有优势的大企业之间进行创新合作等方面,希望有关主管部门能够给予支持,减少重复建设与重复投入,提升全行业的创新能力与效率。   ――李斌,蔚来汽车创始人、董事长   本版采写、摄影 新京报记者 任准希   (原标题:吴敬琏:企业技术路线应由企业自主决定) 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章:

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The company less stamp consumer claims anti-theft door seal less consumer claims Beijing morning 96101 live news (reporter Chen Jiaxing) Zhao yesterday to the newspaper, she bought a Panpan burglarproof door from Shijingshan Longze building materials City, then found out of the door when the shop and the initial appearance, the lack of brand Panpan seal merchants said because the anti-theft door caused by the different dimensions. In this regard, the lawyer said that the merchant has constituted a breach of contract, consumers can be resolved by legal appeal. Merchants said it will communicate with Ms. Zhao negotiation compensation scheme. In January 6th this year, I chose the door to deposit, and in January 8th, I found that the door is different from what I saw in the store." Zhao recalled, she saw the bottom of the sample at Longze building materials City shop cover Panpan brand stamp, but not at the bottom of the door of their own, only in the upper left corner of the door with a Panpan brand label, "when I bought the door with a specially chosen seal, mainly for the good, I went to the store. What happened, they said this did not seal, and doors installed after not returned. No. Why didn’t you say? Isn’t that misleading consumers?" Ms. Zhao then asked the apple branch of Shijingshan Consumers Association for help. Reporter yesterday from the association in January 12th presented a consumer dispute coordination in the book to see, because there is no sign of Zhao Panpan demanded compensation, 800 yuan, and businesses that can only refund 600 yuan as compensation, finally after mediation the parties do not agree to mediation, termination". Reporter query anti-counterfeiting anti-theft door that encoding, the anti-theft door is a genuine panpan. Yesterday afternoon, the anti-theft door sales merchant Mr. Huang told reporters that the anti-theft door of different specifications do exist differences in appearance, because Zhao door frame size is smaller, so the supporting the anti-theft door bottom doesn’t allow seal plus brand position, our sales really forgot to say." But after several rounds of consultations, merchants said it had made the greatest concessions, "I said to the door down a full refund, but she does not agree, is how much money lost not tanlong. Now we are also thinking about the way, will contact manufacturers to help coordinate." In this regard, Beijing Jing Teng firm lawyers said Zhang Xuedong, from businesses knowingly sold with the kind of samples, did not inform consumers while still selling the commodity behavior constitutes a breach of contract, such as the association coordination to no avail, consumers can through the legal way to solve. Clues: Ms. Zhao into [Sina Financial shares] discussion

盼盼防盗门少钢印 消费者索赔   防盗门少钢印 消费者索赔   北京晨报96101现场新闻(记者 陈佳兴)市民赵女士昨日向本报反映,她从石景山龙泽建材城内购买了一扇盼盼防盗门,随后发现该门与当初店铺样品外观有出入,缺少盼盼品牌的钢印,商户则称因防盗门尺寸规格不同所致。就此事,律师表示该商户已构成违约,消费者可通过法律诉求解决。商户称会再与赵女士沟通协商赔偿方案。   “今年1月6日,我选好门交了押金,1月8日装好后我才发现这扇门跟我在店里看到的不一样。”赵女士回忆,她在龙泽建材城店铺里看到的样品底部盖有盼盼品牌的钢印,自家这扇门底部却没有,仅在门左上角贴有盼盼品牌的标签,“我买门的时候特意选的带钢印款,主要就为好看,我去店里问怎么回事,他们说现在这款都没钢印,而且门装好后不退换。没钢印为什么不早说?这不是误导消费者吗?”   赵女士随后向石景山消费者协会苹果园分会求助。记者昨日从消协于1月12日出示的一份消费纠纷协调书中看到,因没有盼盼标志,赵女士要求商家赔偿800元,而商家表示最多只能退还600元作为补偿,最后“经调解双方不同意,调解终止”。   记者查询防盗门上的防伪编码得知,该防盗门确为盼盼正品。昨日下午,销售该防盗门的商户黄先生告诉记者,该款防盗门不同规格的确存在外观差异,“因为赵女士家门框尺寸较小,所以配套的该款防盗门底部没有留出加品牌钢印的位置,我们销售时的确忘了说。”而对之后的多次协商,商户表示已做出最大让步,“我说愿意把门拆掉全额退款,但她不同意,主要是赔多少钱没谈拢。现在我们也在想办法,会再联系厂家帮忙协调。”   对此,北京京腾律师事务所张雪东律师表示,商家明知销售实物与样品有出入时,没有及时告知消费者而仍旧出售该商品,行为已构成违约,如经消协协调无果,消费者可通过法律诉讼途径解决。   线索:赵女士 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: